Friday, October 14, 2011

Cases: Separation of Powers and Rule of Law

Kindly familiarize yourself with the cases below for the next two classes. 

Thanks

Victor Brobbey

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The Separation of Powers

What are the major institutions of the British State?

Understand the relationship between the major institutions of the British state as outlined in the following cases:

Executive & Judiciary Relationship:
·                     M v Home Office (1994)

·                     Council of Civil Service Unions v Minister for Civil Service (1985)

Legislature/Judiciary Relationship

Pickin v British Railway Board (1974) on the power of judges to question the validity oflegislation

Magor and St. Mellons RDC v Newport Corporation (1952) Power of judges to “make laws”
See also –
On the power of parliament to pass retrospective legislation

·                     Burmah Oil Co Ltd. V Lord Advocate (1965)

·                     R v R (1992)

·                     Waddington v Miah (1974)



The Rule of Law Generally

·                     R v R (1992)

·                     Waddington v Miah (1974)

Practical Manifestations of the rule of law:

·                     Entick v Carrington (1765)

·                     The Rossminster Case (1980)

·                     Malone v Metropolitan Police Commissioner (1979)

·                     Malone v United Kingdom (1984)

·                     In Re M (1993)

·                     A v Secretary of State for the Home Department (2004)


The Principles of Natural Justice: “No man shall be a judge in his own cause”

·                     Dimes v Grand Junction Canal Proprietors (1852)

·                     R v Bow Street Stipendiary Magistrate, Ex Parte Pinochet (1999)

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