Friday, October 14, 2011

Cases: Separation of Powers and Rule of Law

Kindly familiarize yourself with the cases below for the next two classes. 


Victor Brobbey


The Separation of Powers

What are the major institutions of the British State?

Understand the relationship between the major institutions of the British state as outlined in the following cases:

Executive & Judiciary Relationship:
·                     M v Home Office (1994)

·                     Council of Civil Service Unions v Minister for Civil Service (1985)

Legislature/Judiciary Relationship

Pickin v British Railway Board (1974) on the power of judges to question the validity oflegislation

Magor and St. Mellons RDC v Newport Corporation (1952) Power of judges to “make laws”
See also –
On the power of parliament to pass retrospective legislation

·                     Burmah Oil Co Ltd. V Lord Advocate (1965)

·                     R v R (1992)

·                     Waddington v Miah (1974)

The Rule of Law Generally

·                     R v R (1992)

·                     Waddington v Miah (1974)

Practical Manifestations of the rule of law:

·                     Entick v Carrington (1765)

·                     The Rossminster Case (1980)

·                     Malone v Metropolitan Police Commissioner (1979)

·                     Malone v United Kingdom (1984)

·                     In Re M (1993)

·                     A v Secretary of State for the Home Department (2004)

The Principles of Natural Justice: “No man shall be a judge in his own cause”

·                     Dimes v Grand Junction Canal Proprietors (1852)

·                     R v Bow Street Stipendiary Magistrate, Ex Parte Pinochet (1999)

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